新二 L77 第二部分

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文章作者: 周蓉

发布时间: 2020-03-01 16:42 访问量:169

课文解析

1. The mummy of an Egyptian woman who died in 800 B.C. has just had an operation.

l 文化B.C. before Christ公元前   A.D. Anno Domini公元

2. The mummy is that of Shepenmut who was once a singer in the Temple of Thebes.

l 语法:that 指代the mummy

当代替一个带有定冠词或者物主代词的名词(the + n)that

l 练习:The study of idiom is as important as that of grammar.

that指的是the study

The water in the well is cleaner than that in the river.

that指的是the water

3. As there were strange marks on the X-ray plates taken of the mummy, doctors have been trying to find out whether the woman died of a rare disease.

l 语法:as表示因为,引导原因状语从句

l 语法:plate taken of the mummy 过去分词做后置定语

l 词组:take the plate of sth. 给……拍片子

l 词组:die of 因患……而死(内因)

e.g. die of the disease

       die from 死于……(外因)

e.g. die from a car accident

4. The only way to do this was to operate.

l 词组: the way to do sth. is to 做某事的……办法就是……

l 翻译:实现梦想的最好办法就是好好努力。

The best way to realize the dream is to work hard.

5. The operation, which lasted for over four hours, proved to be very difficult because of the hard resin which covered the skin. The doctor removed a section of the mummy and sent it to a laboratory.

l 单词:remove 取出,移除

翻译:At least three bullets were removed from his wounds.

从他的伤口至少取出了三颗子弹。

l 语法:两个which引导定语从句

l 语法:because of because 的区别:

   because of + 词组because + 从句

6. They also found something which the X-ray plates did not show: a small wax figure of the god Duamutef. This god which has the head of a cow was normally placed inside a mummy. The doctors have not yet decided how the woman died.

l 句式:how是对of sth. 提问的,如果换成what,怎么改?

= The doctors have not yet decided what the woman died of.

7. They feared that the mummy would fall to pieces when they cut it open, but fortunately this has not happened. The mummy successfully survived the operation.

l 单词:fear  v. 害怕(长时间的)

l 词组:fall to pieces = go to pieces 散掉,成为碎片

l 词组:cut open 切开

【趣味知识1

你有想到哪个游戏吗?

Temple Run

【趣味知识2

有哪个小说家的名字里有mark这个词?

Mark Twain

【思考1

猜猜看the last but one的意思?倒数第二


【思考2

You want her to pay this little thing for 100,000 dollars. Are you trying to skin that old lady? 想想看这里skin的意思和词性?

欺骗 v.


【思考3

die of sth.

若对sth.进行提问用哪个特殊疑问词?若对of sth.提问又该用哪个特殊疑问词?

What / How

思考4

看到这个神像你有想到其他类似的吗?

埃及的狮身人面像

Sphinx Egypt

新加坡的鱼尾狮

Merlion Singapore

语法重点

1) 过去分词作定语

ü 过去分词形式:done

ü 过去分词作定语表示被动进行

其所处位置放在名词前面后面

EX1. 翻译下列词组

smoked ham 烤火腿

boiled water 白开水

steamed bun 馒头

Charm imitated is beauty spoiled. 东施效颦

fallen leaves 落叶

retired worker 退休工人

注:不及物动词的过去分词只有完成的含义,没有被动的含义。

EX2. 用过去分词词组改写下列定语从句

1. The cars which are used as main transport now pollute our air.

The cars used as main transport now pollute our air.

2. The books which were written by Shakespeare were translated in different languages.

The books written by Shakespeare were translated in different languages.

2) 原因状语从句

常用连接词区别:

because 表示直接原因,语气最强,常用来回答why引导的疑问句;

since/as 语气较because弱,表示对方已知事实或较明显的原因,强调主句部分,从句多位于句首。

选词填空:

Since everyone is here, we now begin our meeting.

Why is river so rich? Because it has two banks.

Challenge yourself!

EasyChoose the correct answer.

1. ( B ) --Why are you late?    -- ______ I got up late.

      A. As   B. Because   C. Since    D. For

MediumRewrite these sentences without changing their original meanings.

2. This question proved to be hard.

 This question turned out to be hard.

3. I cant go outside because the weather is terrible.

 I cant go outside because of the terrible weather.

4. This dress which was made in 1991 is out of fashion now.

 This dress made in 1991 is out of fashion now.

HardRearrange the words to make a sentence..

5. decided / the / woman/ yet / not / doctors / died / how / look

 The doctors have not yet decided how the woman died.

6. the / to / was / get / only /study / way / score / do / hard /high

 The only way to get high score was to study hard.


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